There are 2 factors to consider for the setting of precious stones. The first one is
that the stone must be very secure inside the grooves of the setting. The second factor is that the light needs to pass through correctly so that the stones can sparkle. Most engagement rings you will find, whether it is a solitaire, three-stone or diamond-embellished setting, will use a variation of two settings to hold the centre stone in place, namely the Prong setting or the Bezel setting.
1. PRONG Setting:
Long considered the gold standard in engagement rings, the prong setting remains the single most popular setting style. The prong setting uses thin metal prongs extending from the base of the ring and holding the diamond in place by resting on its top edge. This setting style anchors the centre diamond securely in place while raising it above the rest of the ring, creating that raised profile that is so popular.
2. BEZEL Setting:
The #1 advantage of the bezel setting is security. A bezel setting is custom-made for the stone that it will hold, so it is always exactly the right size. The outer girdle (the widest portion of the stone) is placed in a small ridge inside the bezel setting, and then the top lip of metal is bent down around the crown (or upper portion) of the stone. The stone is held in place by the pressure exerted by this lip, which creates a low, well-protected profile.
3. TENSION Setting:
Among diamond settings, the Tension setting is set apart as one of the most unusual and bold diamond styles. For someone looking for a unique and modern fashion statement in their diamond setting, the tension setting is a great option. Because the band of the tension setting is created only for a specific diamond, it is manufactured only after the diamond has been purchased. The setting is calibrated exactly to fit the diamond that has been chosen and, therefore, makes it a little more difficult to size the ring in the future.
4. MIXTURE of Settings:
The word Melée comes from the French word for a Mixture, and refers to a range of small sizes of stones. The small stones of the melée have their own setting styles that can drastically alter the look of the ring. For example, an engagement ring can have anywhere from 3 or 4 melée stones to up to a hundred. These small diamonds can decorate only the head of the ring, where the centre stone sits; they can extend down the shoulders of the ring; or they can completely encircle the ring band in a glittering shower of diamond.
(a) Pavé Setting
The Pavé setting, in which many small gemstones are set closely together and held in place with nearly invisible metal beads, creates the effect of a continuous, sparkling surface of diamond. This setting style can also be called a Bead setting.
(b) Channel Setting
The Channel setting is popular on eternity bands and for the smaller diamonds on the band of an engagement ring. In this diamond setting, a row of small gems are placed into a metal channel that holds them in place, creating the illusion of an uninterrupted line of diamonds. It can be used with round or princess-cut diamonds.
(c) Shared Prong Setting
This setting holds a row of diamonds in place with linked prong settings, giving each stone its own prominence while giving a dynamic appearance to the entire ring. This style is popular for eternity bands, as well as eternity-inspired engagement rings.
(d) Gypsy or Flush Setting
A cousin of the Bezel setting, the Flush setting places small stones directly into the metal band of the ring, fitting them into a groove in the metal without the decorative lip associated with the bezel setting. This creates a sleek, low-profile look without sacrificing the elegance of a diamond-embellished band.
Simply by choosing your favourite Setting, you are well on your way to discovering the perfect ring for YOU. For further clarification of these diamond settings, feel free to sit down with your Professional Jeweller of Choice.